Tetanus is an infectious disease acute non-infectious disease caused by the bacterium Clostridium tetani and its prevention is based on vaccination, scheduled in Italy for all new-born babies
Many, though, are the questions that parents make this disease.
These are the tips of the experts of the Italian Society of pediatrics (Sip):- THE DISEASE: the bacillus of tetanus produces a toxin that reaches through the blood and the lymphatic system, the central nervous system, interfering with the release of the neurotransmitters that regulate the muscles, causing contractions and spasms common. In most cases, the incubation period varies from 3 to 21 days.
There are different forms of tetanus: generalized, localized, cephalic and neonatal. – VACCINATION: since 1963, the vaccination is provided to all new born, and for over 20 years, immunized more than 90% of the children. Currently, the tetanus affects mostly the elderly, unvaccinated or vaccinated improperly. – THE RUST IS THE CAUSE OF TETANUS? It is not the rust that causes tetanus.
It can only be so if the object of the rust has been contaminated by the faeces of animal carriers of the bacteria in your intestines (cattle, horses, sheep). The rust is only in the light of the long dwell time of the metallic object in the environment and, therefore, its risk of contamination. – HOW to BEHAVE IN CASE OF a WOUND of the SKIN: generally, superficial wounds, if well disinfected, do not expose to the risk of tetanus, because the spores causing the disease, they need an environment without oxygen, and this condition can occur only if the wound is deep or necrotic. This last condition, instead, could expose you to the risk of contracting the tetanus, in this case, contact your doctor immediately or go to accident and emergency.
– THE MOST COMMON ADVERSE REACTIONS TO the VACCINE ANTITETANICO: the adverse reactions to the vaccine antitetanico that occur more frequently are usually mild and include the appearance of swelling and redness in the spot where is made the injection, which disappear within two or three days in 25% of cases. More rarely (about 3% of cases) may cause local reactions the most extensive and painful that occur, starting 2-8 hours after injection and are shown generally in adults who have received frequent calls. Rarely appear reactions in general such as fever and general malaise. A serious allergic reaction from the vaccine is very rare. – WHAT is on THE CALENDAR VACCINATION IN PEDIATRIC AGE: the calendar vaccination for tetanus, vaccination, compulsory from the early 60’s, involves the administration of three doses in the first year of life (the first, third, fifth and twelfth month of age), a booster dose is performed at 5 years and another 15 years. – ALL the TIME YOU NEED to UPDATE THE VACCINATION: the protection declines with the passage of time for which you need to run the calls of ten-year. .