What could cause bone pain?

The definition of bone pain is aching, tenderness, or another discomfort in the bone. Bone pain is one of the most common symptoms of bone cancer, so people should not overlook it.

The most significant cause of bone pain is bone cancer. This disease is most likely to occur in the long bones of the upper arms or legs, but it may affect any bone. When cancer cells originate in the bone itself, this is called primary bone cancer.

Pain caused by bone cancer may have the following symptoms:

an initial sense of tenderness in the bone

escalation to a constant pain or a pain that comes and goes in the affected bone

persistent pain during the night and when at rest

When to see a doctor

It is recommended to see a doctor if bone pain is severe and persistent.

It would be wise to see a doctor if symptoms include:

severe bone pain

bone pain that persists and does not go away

bone pain that gets worse over time

People should also see a doctor if they experience swelling or redness on or around a painful bone, or if they have bone fractures after minor injuries.

What are the other potential causes?

There are many other possible causes of bone pain, which include:

arthritis

secondary (or metastatic) bone cancer, which is cancer that has spread to the bones after developing in another part of the body

a fracture following an accident or another trauma injury

an infection

leukemia, a type of cancer that starts in the bone marrow

a bone infection called osteomyelitis

osteoporosis, a condition in which a deficiency of calcium and vitamin D causes bones to be fragile

interruption of the blood supply to the bones (as occurs in sickle cell anemia)

a fracture caused by a twisting injury that usually occurs in toddlers, known as Toddler’s fracture

growing pains in children and teenagers

excessive use

Bone cancer symptoms

Fever and fatigue are less common symptoms of bone pain.

In addition to bone pain, the possible symptoms of bone cancer are:

swelling or inflammation (redness) in or around the affected area

a lump over or near the affected bone

bone fractures after just a small injury or fall, because cancer has made the bones fragile

Less common symptoms may also include:

fever or chills

fatigue

unexplained weight loss

sweating, particularly at night

Treatment options for bone cancer

Treatment aims to relieve pain, mend any fractures, and prevent or delay further bone complications.

There are different treatment approaches for bone cancer depending on its type and how far it has spread in the body.

These include:

Surgery: Involves removing the cancerous portion of the bone. Where possible the surgeon will rebuild the bone after surgery, but sometimes they will need to amputate part of the bone.

Chemotherapy: A cancer treatment that uses drugs to kill the malignant cells and tissues.

Radiotherapy: A cancer treatment that uses radiation to destroy cancer cells.

Mifamurtide: A drug used to treat osteosarcoma, a specific type of bone cancer. This treatment stimulates the body’s immune system to attack and kill cancer cells.

What’s to know about bone cancer?
Bone cancer is a significant cause of bone pain. Learn more about the disease and the related treatment options here.
Read now

Treatment options for other causes

Treatment, which may include antibiotics and painkillers, will be determined by a doctor’s diagnosis.

Treatment for non-cancerous bone pain depends largely on the cause of the pain.

A doctor’s diagnosis will determine the treatment, which may consist of:

anti-inflammatories

antibiotics

painkillers (or analgesics)

hormones

calcium and vitamin D supplements (for osteoporosis)

anticonvulsants, where bone pain is nerve-related

corticosteroids

antidepressants

Outlook

The outlook for bone cancer might be different depending on:

age

type of bone cancer

how far the cancer has spread in the body

the likelihood of the cancer spreading further

Primary bone cancer is rare. According to the American Cancer Society, about 3,450 people will be diagnosed with primary bone cancer in 2018, which is less than 0.2 percent of all cancers.

If a person’s cancer has not spread and they are otherwise in good health, treatment will be more straightforward, and their outlook will be better.

According to statistics, about 75 percent of people diagnosed with primary bone cancer live for 1 year or more, while over 50 percent live for 5 years or longer.

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