“Still a baby of 2 months who died after receiving 8 vaccinations!”, “A mother tells the story of how vaccines have killed her baby of 6 months”, “More to the MMR vaccine, my son became autistic non-verbal”.
Every day, dozens of articles alarmist and testimonials, putting in question the usefulness and safety of vaccines circulating on the social networks. Very anxiety-provoking, these lectures have no basis in science, and they continue to peddle ideas received invalidated for years by the specialists of the public health. They are the result of a handful of activists, who unite around them, entire communities on Facebook or TwitterEn few years, these social networks have thus become the echo of a phenomenon that is hardly noticeable in real life. More dynamic than the sites of government, these groups feed on the fears of concerned parents and either convince the wary.
Evidenced by the number of queries antivaccination typed in the Google search bar which, over the past five years, has increased by 130 %.
.Several courantsPour estimate more precisely this phenomenon, the agency advice in health policy for the Nile is associated with Antidox, communication consulting firm specialized in the analysis of the online opinion.
For three months, analysts have scrutinized the Canvas francophone and extracted over 840,000 publications mentioning vaccines. “This represents about 8 200 articles online for 250,000 shares articles on Facebook, 46 000 tweets and 1500 discussions each month”, lists Vincent’s Hospital, consultant within the agency Antidox.
“In looking through these publications, it seemed to us that the messages antivaccins were in the majority,” says Dr Olivier Mariotte of the agency Nile. An intuition confirmed by the analysis of the data. “The “antivax” are by far the most active on the social networks when it comes to denounce the merits and safety of the vaccine: they publish and relay messages much more regularly than the “provax””, say the authors of the survey. At the École des hautes études en santé publique (Ehesp, Rennes), the sociologist Jocelyn Raude was also interested in this phenomenon.
“There are three main currents among the antivaccins: those who belong to political movements, especially of the extreme right and extreme left, those close to the spheres conspiracy, and the followers of alternative medicine”, he explains. With hundreds of thousands of shares, articles, Facebook seems to be the privileged field of these activists. One of the standard bearers of the movement, the surgeon oncologist retired Henri Joyeux, anime a group that brings together nearly 150,000 members. While it is currently the subject of a cancellation procedure of the college of physicians, Henri Joyeux continues to spread rumors, while doing the promotion of stays “detox” and “bioenergy”.
“Breastfeed the child a year and a half, morning and evening, it is the best vaccine if you are in good health,” he said again very recently.
“The issue of vaccines on social networks has long been abandoned to the militants, says Jocelyn Raude. It is only recently that the health authorities have become aware of the impact this could have. ” There are still two years, the websites that appear first after a research on the vaccination were sites vaccino-critical.
“To remedy this lack of visibility, the health authorities have finally paid off for the benefit of a better seo for their sites on Google”, advises the sociologist. Strategy payanteAutre lever of influence, YouTube, who, with almost 100,000 videos devoted to vaccines, is at the heart of the battle.
“Among the 25 videos the most popular on this theme, over half develops an argument against vaccination, and only 10 % are in favour,” says Vincent’s Hospital. Can be found in Henri Happy in a good position, in a video called 11 vaccines: Big Pharma exult!, racked up over 100,000 views. “These videos, however, are less visited and therefore less influential than the other,” continues the consultant. And, again, the health authorities did not let him do that. Last December, they have appealed to two videographers very popular on YouTube (Julien Ménielle, of the string In your body, and Bruce Benamran, facilitator of the chain E-think) to make instructional videos. A strategy has paid off, since their productions, which are very different from the style of institutional usual, have been watched nearly 800,000 times in less than five months. Despite this initiative, it is clear that the scale remains unbalanced. “It is amazing to see so much misinformation and irrational in the country of Pasteur, indignant Dr.
. Olivier Mariotte.
It is necessary that in the face of these messages there is a community of people capable of making a scientific information quality.
“It is precisely this that has started a dozen young people experienced. In September 2017, the doctors, pharmacists, scientists, and enthusiasts of science have created “Vaccines France-Information and discussion”, the first – and one of the few – group Facebook francophone scientific information and rational about vaccines.
The principle is simple: people ask questions and members of the group respond to it publicly. With two watchwords: the pedagogy and benevolence.
“The idea of creating this group was born from the observation that on the social networks, the majority of the discussion groups on the vaccination is antivaccins, explains Thibaut, one of the founders, in the Figaro. A long-haleineChaque day, the young man and other volunteers take the time to answer thoroughly the questions. “There’s a lot of people who wonder about the aluminum salts, the side-effects or even about the usefulness of doing as much vaccine,” he says. Besides the parents panicked by the reading of testimonials catastrophic. “We help them sort through the information and we let. I spent a good part of my free time, about two to three hours each evening. It is a work of long breath”, he smiles.
Today, this group gathers a little more than 2,300 members.
An initiative admirable, which weighs, however, not heavy in the face of dozens of discussion groups antivaccins, such as “NO to new vaccines!”, bringing together more than 10,000 members. Another initiative, also a volunteer, Dr. . Jeremy Descoux. In life, this milf is a cardiologist.
But on the Internet it anime Asklepios,a YouTube channel popular science named in reference to the god of the graeco-roman medicine. “I was faced with the sphere of antivaccins, after having done two videos on the vaccination,” he says.
I’ve received a lot of reactions very violent, that I do not have the habit of seeing in consultation. It is clear that we are going through a crisis of confidence vis-à-vis the medicine. .”To Dr. . Olivier Mariotte, coordinator of the study, the lessons are clear: “It is necessary that one is able to provide messages that are rational and scientific in constant flux, without which the communication vaccino-skeptic, will take over.
“11 mandatory vaccinations for the rentréeTous children born from 1 January 2018 would need to be vaccinated against 11 diseases to be able to be registered in a nursery, school or holiday camp from September 2018. Until then, only three vaccines were compulsory: diphtheria, tetanus, and polio. To these are added the whooping cough, hepatitis B, measles, mumps, rubella,meningococcal C (a bacteria causing meningitis), as well as the pneumococcal and Haemophilus influenzae type B, the bacteria causing such pneumopathieset meningitis. In practice,this vaccination requirement extended is 10 injections, spread over two years. More than 70 % of the children were already receiving these 10 injections, and yet, this new regulatory provision has generated a levéede shields the part of the militant anti-vaccine, as well as many questions about the merits of this reform. The announcement of the expansion of the vaccination requirement by June 2017 has been followed by several peaks of research on Google. . .