Physical exercise, no smoke, more communication with the medical, psychological support, and improve the power supply through the help of a specialist recommended by your oncologist
Each cancer is different and requires a care and support specific, but these five rules are valid for all and help patients cope better with the challenge.
To illustrate, today, meet the “Supply and side effects in patients with cancer”, open to the citizens and hosted at the Istituto Tumori Regina Elena, within the framework of the Week dedicated to the Health of the Woman. The exercise, explains the oncologist Massimo Bonucci, president of the Association for Research Cancer Therapies and Integrated (Artoi), “improves the circulation of blood and oxygenation, and this has an anti-inflammatory effect at the cellular level. The inflammation in fact is a stimulus to the proliferation of neoplastic cells. The less there is, the more the T lymphocytes are able to identify and target cancer cells”. As for the smoke, increases the risk of several types of cancer, not only lung, because it contains carcinogenic substances due to the combustion. “Even two or three cigarettes per day – he explains – should be eliminated because they have a cumulative effect.
” The third rule, clarifies Alessandra Fabi, oncologist at the Regina Elena, “to seek a communication and a feeling with your own physician, who must know what the patient is taking, how it behaves, what side effects it presents.
The narrative medicine can be a great facilitation in reducing the gap between oncologist and patient”.
As for the psychological support, it is critical not only because of who is better, reacts better to treatment, but because the psyche puts into circulation substances that act in the body. “For example, the depressed patient has low activity of t-lymphocytes, which defend the body from external pathogens.
In the patient is stressed out, there is a greater release of cortisol, a hormone that causes a decrease in immune defenses,” says Bonucci. It is very important to, finally, the power as a complementary therapy, stresses Fabi “because foods interact with the disease.
What we eat changes the bacteria of our intestinal flora, and these organisms, in turn, have a function in being pro or anti cancerogenici.
But not just a nutritionist generic. The oncologist should refer the patient to a specialist or a reference structure”. The nutrition in oncology, in fact, is a complex game of balance. It is not so much linked to the number of calories, stresses the ball for him, “as to the elements present in any food, since some of the stimulates growth factors, which are also inflammatory factors, such as the Gf-One. As a diabetic I should not eat sugar because it increases the blood sugar, so cancer patients should not eat foods that stimulate inflammation, such as milk and dairy products, meat, refined flours and sugars”..