Equality is delayed in the academy 2017-12-07 Equality increases slowly in the scientific community
Publiceringsgapet between men and women is equal to that at the end of the 1960s, and the number of women on the rektorsposter has declined since 2012.
What it depends on and why do so few women nobel Prize? Curie has spoken with Ingegerd Palmér, the university under the age of 17, and the researcher Ulf Sandström. It has happened quite a lot with gender equality in academia in the last 20 years. The proportion of women in leading positions is higher. It says Ingegerd Palmér, who today is the president of the university of Gävle and was previously the rector of Luleå university of technology and Mälardalen university in a total of 17 years. She pulled at the turn of the millennium started a network for principals to highlight women and increase the proportion of female leaders. – The year 1996 was six percent of the professors are women, today they are 27 percent. The proportion increases by one percentage point per year.
It is not much but it moves. Also the proportion of female principals has increased, ” she says, and notes at the same time that gender equality cannot be taken for granted. Shows kompetensDe last few years looking at the trend to have reversed.
In november 2012, was 50 percent of the rectors are women. In October 2017, they were only 33 per cent. Of the 15 most recently added are only four women.
– When you let go it starts to return. Now, there are great differences again, ” says Ingegerd Palmér. More women in management is important to show that women are competent, ” she emphasizes.
– You look at the individual women on the basis of their beliefs about women, not specific individuals. Many men are not trained to see women’s competence. The world is not there.
This applies across the whole research system. Ingegerd Palmér refers to one of the jämställdhetsobservationer that the Swedish research council made in the assessment teams evaluating the applications.
Observations are made every two years. The report published in 2013 showed that women who sought research funds were treated differently than men in some of the assessment teams. – Observers sat with when the applications were dealt with in groups to see how the members reacted to applications from men and women.
Way to talk about women’s and men’s performance was different. Women’s performance was devalued, men haussades.
Male genierDen report could be used to educate women and men in academia, for example, in the Nobelpriskommittéer, says Ingegerd Palmér. – It is the middle of the dot. This is happening today, not 20-30 years ago. I have grunnat a lot on how you could work with these different ways to look at women and men. It depends on the unawareness and the need to be processed. The Swedish research council’s survey shows so clearly on the mechanisms and it can not be brushed aside.
The same idea of the male genius that exists within the art are in the academy, believe Ingegerd Palmér. – The male geniuses are surrounded by a kind of aura, they admired. And they often get a large space for just their perceptions about what is quality. It will be reflected in the assessment teams. You say not happy to receive a genius. As many forskarutbildadeIdag it is as many women as men, who will defend her.
Women’s average scientific production, however, is still over 30 percent lower than men’s.
It shows a study that the researcher Ulf Sandström at KTH, Linköping and Örebro universities, done with a Dutch colleague. – We believed in the myth about gender equality in the scientific community is increasing and getting better. But the most striking result is that publiceringsgapet between men and women is equal to that at the end of the 1960s, ” he says. Ulf Sandström and his colleague have analysed all articles by researchers at Swedish research institutes, companies and universities, published between 2008 and 2011. In total, 74 000 articles of 47 000 researchers in the database Web of Science.
The results were published in the journal Plos One. – The crucial difference is that there are few women among the most productive researchers. Among those with lower levels of production no difference is seen between women and men. Less of a chance to become citeradDet, in turn, reduces the possibility of being cited. The major advantage of producing many articles is that it increases the likelihood to write an article belonging to the ten per cent most frequently cited, which Sandström shown in the past. And such articles are important, inter alia, to receive research funding. Ulf Sandström think that women’s lower production, due in large part to their research and less funding. Funding decisions are made in the focus groups with external funding agencies, where the trust of female scientists is low, especially if she is active in an area that no one in the focus groups represents, according to Sandström. He also thinks that this is prejudices.
– It is very much about stereotypes and distrust of women, which affect the decision of research councils and in universities. Women do not have the resources and responsibilities that men have and which they can publish. We need to take this seriously.
Footnote: the Swedish research council’s report shall be a basis for a conference with, among others, nobel committees, which are held in February. Read also in the Curies: Where are the female nobel Laureates? Text: Siv Engelmark Photo: Pierre Zoetterman .